Cats may be known for having nine lives, but a new study suggests they may share just five personalities.
Dr Lauren Finka, a research fellow at the University of Lincoln, came to the conclusion after 'interviewing' more than 200 felines and their owners.
She suggests that the five categories of cat are Human Cat, Hunter Cat, Cats' Cat, Cantankerous Cat or Inquisitive Cat.
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Cats may be known for having nine lives, but a new study suggests they may share just five personalities - Human Cat, Hunter Cat, Cats' Cat, Cantankerous Cat (pictured) or Inquisitive Cat
The ranging personalities are caused by a complex interaction between each cat's genetics and their experiences during development and in adulthood.
Dr Finka put the cats through a series of standardised behavioural tests in a study sponsored by Pets at Home, such as stroking them, playing with them, and being near them at feeding time.
She said: 'I tried to assess elements of cat's temperament and improve the cat-owner matching process.
'I was primarily interested in assessing friendliness, fearfulness and the tendency for cats to behave aggressively, as research generally suggests these features are particularly important in relation to the cat owner relationship and also how well a cat might cope living as a pet.'
She also asked the cats' owners to complete a specially developed questionnaire (called the Lincoln Cat assessment Test or L-CAT).
1) The Human Cat: This cat character is generally happy to share our home, our lives and often our personal space.
The Human Cat can be identified by their willingness to gently head-butt you, making your lap their 'spot' and kneading you with their paws on a regular basis.
2) The Hunter Cat: Whilst most cats are born with hunting instincts, this cat character far excels at stalking and capturing their prey, making this more of a regular occurrence for these personas.
The Hunter Cat can be identified through their interactions with realistic cat toys, clasping toys in their teeth and frantically kicking can be strong signs of an expert hunter.
3) The Cat's Cat: This cat has to be nurtured into developing positive relationships with other felines, which can often go against their nature to see them as a threat to resources.
You can identify a Cat's Cat through their willingness to play with and groom their furry siblings, touching noses and rubbing up against each other.
4) The Cantankerous Cat: This cat is more easily frustrated than all others and can be less tolerant to being handled, due to being quite sensitive to touch, their environment and being on high alert.
The Cantankerous Cat can be identified by their need for their own space to play, explore independently and preference for regular but less 'hands on' interactions with humans.
5) The Inquisitive Cat: This cat can be a keen investigator, sniffing around anything and anyone unfamiliar, however this inquisitiveness is a combination