By Mary Kekatos Health Reporter For Dailymail.com
Published: 16:00 BST, 12 June 2019 | Updated: 16:03 BST, 12 June 2019
Spinach and carrots are both known rich in vitamin A, fiber and potassium but that doesn't mean they have the same effect on our gut microbiomes, a new small study finds.
We tend to think of food in terms of the broad categories of the food pyramid: fruits, vegetables, meats, dairy and so on.
But researchers say how specific strains of gut microbes are affected by the foods we eat can actually vary significantly from fruit to fruit or vegetable to vegetable.
Leafy greens like kale and spinach can promote one bacterial species, but carrots and celery could promote another - even though they all fall under the same category in the food pyramid.
The team, from the University of Minnesota, says its study shows that its not enough to look at the nutrition labels and that future food-based interventions hoping to regulate gut bacteria may need to be tailored to the individual person.
A new study from the University of Minnesota has found vegetables with similar nutrients have different effects on the gut microbiome (file image)
'Nutrition labels are written for humans,' senior author Dr Dan Knights, an assistant professor in the department of computer science and engineering at the University of Minnesota, told DailyMail.com.
'And we don't have good way to measure what's in type of different foods, and microbes care