By Mary Kekatos Health Reporter For Dailymail.com
Published: 19:00 BST, 11 September 2019 | Updated: 19:00 BST, 11 September 2019
A diabetes drug may be able to repair brain damage - but only in women, a shocking new study finds.
In research conducted on mice, scientists found that metformin, used to treat type 2 diabetes, activates stem cells in the brain, which self-renew and improve cognitive impairment.
Researchers discovered that this only worked in female mice because the sex hormone estradiol boosted the ability of stem cells to respond to metformin.
However, the male sex hormone testosterone inhibited it.
The team, from the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada, says this could be a game changer in treating brain injuries and damage from strokes, cerebral palsy - and maybe even Alzheimer's disease.
A new study, from the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada, has found that the female sex hormone estradiol amplifies the effect that the drug metformin has on brain stem cells (file image)
The new research, published in the journal Science Advances, builds upon a 2012 study that was investigating treatment for childhood brain damage.
It was in