Critics slam claims a girl, 13, came of out a coma due to drops of the ...

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Scientists have slammed a 'ludicrous' report that claimed homeopathy helped a 13-year-old girl come out of a coma. 

The unnamed teenager allegedly opened her eyes within hours of being given nasal drops containing up to 10 globules of Arnica - an alpine plant - in 30ml of water. It is also claimed that she could breathe by herself four days later.

But critics have questioned the truth of the Russian tale, saying such claims peddled by homeopaths are always 'utterly implausible'.

The girl is said to have entered a coma in the same way as the critically-ill British girl Tafida Raqeeb, who remains on life support.

Tafida had an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) - a tangle of abnormal blood vessels - in her brain which ruptured and caused a stroke. 

Alena Pilyugina, the homeopath who treated the Russian girl, claimed her recovery shows homeopathy's potential even in patients 'on the borders of death'. 

The girl is said to have entered a coma in the same way as the critically-ill British girl Tafida Raqeeb (pictured), who remains on life support

The girl is said to have entered a coma in the same way as the critically-ill British girl Tafida Raqeeb (pictured), who remains on life support

Tafida Raqeeb´s parents will not be challenged by Royal London Hospital - where Tafida is currently being treated - for trying to move their daughter to Italy

Tafida Raqeeb´s parents will not be challenged by Royal London Hospital - where Tafida is currently being treated - for trying to move their daughter to

Professor Edzard Ernst, a vocal homeopathy critic based at the University of Exeter, slammed the report published on Pilyugina's website.

He told MailOnline: 'Quasi-miraculous "cures" by homeopathy are being published with some regularity. 

'They have in common that they never appear in rigorously peer-reviewed journals, lack important detail and are utterly implausible.'

Professor Ernst added: 'Homeopathic Arnica is given in such high dilutions that there cannot be a pharmacological effect. 

'The fact is, despite 200 years of research and about 500 clinical trials, homeopathy has failed to show it works beyond the placebo effect.' 

WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF HOMEOPATHY? 

Homeopathy was first coined in 1807 by German doctor Samuel Hahnemann, and focuses on three principles: like cures like, dilution, and 'water remembers.'

Dr Hahnemann believed that medicine in his time was doing more harm than good, so he began to conduct experiments on volunteers and himself.

One such experiment included eating the bark of a cinchona tree, which was then used as a treatment for malaria. Scientists have since found that this bark contains quinine, an antimalarial drug.

After eating some of the bark, Hahnemann experienced symptoms which he likened to those of malaria, spawning the first principle 'like cures like.'

The doctor thought that if a substance in large doses causes certain symptoms, it can be used in small doses to cure them.

According to the British Homeopathy Association, the remedies are used by over 200 million people worldwide to treat both acute and chronic conditions. 

Fellow expert Dr Kevin Smith, from Abertay University in Dundee, simply described the report as 'ludicrous at so many levels'.  

Homeopathy is a branch of medicine that treats ailments using extremely diluted doses of natural substances. 

It is known as a complementary or alternative approach because it is different from traditional Western medicine. 

Pilyugina, who works at the Krasnoyarsk Homeopathic Centre, published the tale on the website Homeopathy for Everyone.

Writing about the cure, she said: 'It's hard to imagine how the girl's life would be, if she hadn't taken Arnica.

'The girl's case once again shows us the scale of opportunities and uniqueness of the homeopathic approach even in difficult straits on the borders of death.' 

Pilyugina alleges that she met with both the girl's mother and sister on June 11, 2016. Neither of the teenager's family members were named. 

The relatives reportedly explained she developed a severe headache and became faint on the evening of February 29.

Two days later, she was vomiting uncontrollably, had weak limbs, dilated pupils and was confused. Doctors were reportedly baffled as to what was wrong.  

The girl was eventually diagnosed with an AVM in the front part of her brain, which ruptured and triggered a life-threatening bleed - a stroke. 

She supposedly recovered from her subarachnoid haemorrhage after six weeks. It is unclear where she was treated or what she was given.

Doctors then referred her to The Moscow Institute of Neurosurgery in May, where medics recommended she undergo six months of radiotherapy. 

A homeopath has claimed a 13-year-old girl came out of a coma thanks to homeopathy. The unnamed teenager reportedly opened her eyes within hours of having Arnica (stock) dissolved in water as nasal drops. Critics have slammed the claims as 'ludicrous' and 'implausible'

A homeopath has claimed a 13-year-old girl came out of a coma thanks to homeopathy. The unnamed teenager reportedly opened her eyes within hours of having Arnica (stock) dissolved in water as nasal drops. Critics have slammed the claims as 'ludicrous' and 'implausible'

It is unclear why she was sent for further treatment - but a week later, on June 2, she developed a severe headache, nausea and started vomiting bile. 

Paramedics were called, with the girl reportedly entering a coma on the way to the Berzon City Hospital in Krasnoyarsk. 

A CT scan reportedly showed another bleed, which was deemed to be five out of a possible six by doctors. Grade six is considered inoperable. 

The girl's mother claims treatment wasn't working, prompting her to seek alternative options. Desperate, the girl's family reportedly decided to try homeopathy. 

How a rare tangle of blood vessels in Tafida's brain left the five-year-old on life support 

Tafida Raqeeb collapsed shortly after waking up her parents during the early hours of one February morning, telling them she had a headache.

Doctors later found the five-year-old had a brain AVM, a rare tangle of blood

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