A baby girl born with a 'Batman mask' birthmark on her face has undergone her first 'successful' surgery in Russia.
Luna Fenner, of Florida, flew across the world for the pioneering treatment that isn't available in the US yet.
The seven-month-old was born with congenital melanocytic naevus, a skin condition which produces abnormally dark blemishes, usually across the face.
Luna's mother, Carol, 35, began searching for a doctor who could help after being warned the condition raises Luna's risk of melanoma skin cancer.
She almost lost hope when doctors in the US said Luna would need to endure up to 100 operations using laser surgery over five years.
Dr Pavel Popov then stepped forward to offer Luna up to eight surgeries in 18 months in Krasnodar, after reading about her in a local newspaper.
Luna Fenner, of Florida, was born with a 'Batman mask' birthmark on her face
A doctor in Russia, Dr Pavel Popov, read about Luna in a local newspaper. He stepped forward to offer Luna surgery not available in the US. Pictured with Carol Fenner, 35, Luna's mother
Mrs Fenner said Luna, pictured with a bandage on her forehead where the operation was performed, was 'super fine' and there is 'no need for pain medicine'
'The first operation was successful,' said Andrei Aleksutkin, executive director of the laser and photodynamic clinic in Krasnodar.
'We treated part of the naevus located on the child's forehead.' It is unclear when Luna's next operation is scheduled for.
Mrs Fenner wrote to her 127,000 followers on Instagram: 'I didn't warn you of the first surgery here before, because I knew my phone wouldn't stop and I couldn't risk her recovery.
'She's super fine, thank God. No need for pain medicine.'
The treatment involves injecting an unnamed drug into the face which accumulates in the birthmark, causing the tissue to die.
A crust forms over the skin but beneath this healthy skin grows. Laser treatment is also used to reduce pigmentation and tidy the edges of the birthmark.
Each surgery costs $25,000 (£19,977) each, which the family are raising funds for on the internet.
In September, Luna hit headlines when surgeons and oncologist Dr Popov offered treatment that was less intrusive and cheaper than in the US.
Dr Popov, chief director of the hospital, said: 'Luna's parents were offered... 80 surgeries in five years.
'They were supposed to start when the girl grows up, plus it was planned to carry them out in different medical institutions in America.
'And for all this you had to pay a crazy amount of money.'
Each surgery costs $25,000 (£19,977) each. Luna had the first one on her forehead
Doctors in US said Luna would need to endure up to 100 operations using laser surgery over five years, which left Mrs Fenner 'lost'.
Dr Popov bonded with Luna straight away, and said the two found a 'common language'
He added: 'The doctors deliberately proposed a treatment regime that does not fit into any framework of American insurance medicine.
'They were uncomfortable just saying: "We can't operate on your girl, we can't do everything the way you want".'
Mrs Fenner said when Luna was born, no one in the room had any idea what was wrong with her.
She was diagnosed with the skin condition congenital melanocytic naevus six days after she was born.
Mrs Fenner said: 'The doctors in the US kept giving me different advice, I felt so lost and didn't know what to do.
'A surgeon in Boston all told me Luna must be subjected to over 100 sessions of laser treatments.
'I didn't feel comfortable with that, I wanted her to start school at the right time and feel like she could fit in with the other kids.
Mrs Fenner said she or anyone else in the room did not know what the blemish on Luna's face was when she was born on March 7 this year
Doctors in US said Luna would need to endure up to 100 operations using laser surgery over five years, which left Mrs Fenner 'lost'
Mrs Fenner said everyone thinks she is 'crazy' going to Russia to treat Luna, but that she thinks it is the best option for her. The family are raising funds on the internet
'Other surgeons in New York, Chicago and Florida told me laser would be the worst thing for Luna. They all had very different opinions about