By Victoria Bell For Mailonline
Published: 19:00 GMT, 6 December 2018 | Updated: 23:38 GMT, 6 December 2018
Google's Artificial Intelligence can now teach itself to beat humans at complex games without using knowledge given to it by human developers.
AlphaZero, the game-playing AI created by Google sibling DeepMind, is able to master games like chess, shogi and Go just by reading the rule book.
The 'superhuman' computer program teaches itself to play these games with no prior knowledge except each game's rules.
A study, led by American Association for the Advancement of science, shows that the program was able to teach itself the intricacies of each game until mastered.
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Google's AlphaZero has defeated one of the best chess programs in the world after learning the game from scratch in just four hours. The 'superhuman' AlphaZero AI played 100 games against rival computer program Stockfish 8, and won or drew all of them
An earlier version of the machine, dubbed AlphaGo, was able to defeat the world's top human players of the Chinese board game Go.
Since IBM's chess program, Deep Blue beat champion Garry Kasparov in 1997, game-playing AIs have grown more and more advanced.
Based on self-play reinforcement learning, David Silver and colleagues at DeepMind developed AlphaZero, a generalised game-playing program that foregoes the need for human-derived information.
The system has become increasingly able to beat humans at