Paleontologists are 'Reimaging Dinosaurs' with new technology to reveal secrets ...

Paleontologists in the field are typically seen as experts  hunched over the ground, brushing dirt off dinosaur bones in a dry, barren landscape.

However, researchers are now using techniques from medicine, chemistry, engineering and physics to expose the secrets of these prehistoric creatures in labs across the world.

National Geographic released its October issue with a cover story on ‘Reimaging Dinosaurs,’ where it discuss new technologies in the field to uncover the look and lives of the animals, along with groundbreaking discovers made  with these techniques over the past few years.

Researchers are using CT scanners in fossil reconstruction, particle accelerators for probing specimens and lasers to see what type of chemicals samples contain.

Paleontologists have identified nearly 50 new dinosaur species each year, determined deinonychus laid blueish eggs, learned the spinosaurus was more aquatic and found a tyrannosaurs rex used its large nostrils to release heat - discoveries that may may otherwise have been lost.

Michael Greshko, author of National Geographic magazine's October issue cover story, told DailyMail.com: ‘We are living through a golden age of paleontology as a whole, but as for dinosaurs specifically.’

‘For a group of animals that died out 66 million years ago, there are more than 10,000 species living today.’

‘We live along dinosaurs every single – we call them birds.’

‘You could argue in sense the age of dinosaurs never really ended.’ 

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Researchers are now using techniques from medicine, chemistry, engineering and physics to expose the secrets of these prehistoric creatures. Using chemistry, a team determined deinonychus eggshells (artist impression) were a blueish color because the dinosaur laid them in open-air nests

Researchers are now using techniques from medicine, chemistry, engineering and physics to expose the secrets of these prehistoric creatures. Using chemistry, a team determined deinonychus eggshells (artist impression) were a blueish color because the dinosaur laid them in open-air nests

The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, located in France, houses a particle accelerator capable of peering deep into fossils to create imagery that CT scans are unable to obtain.

The system moves electrons around at speeds close to that of light and when they make a full cycle around, magnets bend the particle stream.

This produces ‘some of the world’s most intense x-rays, which researchers often use to study new materials and medicines,’ Greshko wrote in the article published in National Geographic’s October issue.

Dennis Voeten of Sweden’s Uppsala University used the accelerator to cut through Archaeopteryx fossils, revealing the creature did not have the autonomy of flapping birds, but more of pheasants.

The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, located in France, houses a particle accelerator capable of peering deep into fossils to create imagery that CT scans are unable to obtain. Dennis Voeten of Sweden’s Uppsala University used the accelerator to cut through Archaeopteryx (artist impression) fossils, revealing the creature did not have the autonomy of flapping birds, but more of pheasants

The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, located in France, houses a particle accelerator capable of peering deep into fossils to create imagery that CT scans are unable to obtain. Dennis Voeten of Sweden’s Uppsala University used the accelerator to cut through Archaeopteryx (artist impression) fossils, revealing the creature did not have the autonomy of flapping birds, but more of pheasants

This dinosaur lived 125.45 million to 150.8 million years ago and is said to be the transition between non-avian feathered dinosaurs and modern birds.

‘Some fossil samples can’t really be made sense of with typical CT scanners, so some researchers take fossils to particle accelerators,’ said Greshko.

‘I went to the French Alps to learn about a particle accelerator and you usually don’t associate the two.’

‘At its core, that is the story of modern science – it is more collaborated than ever before.’

‘In the case of paleontology, all of this is coming together to give us an understanding of how dinosaurs lived their lives.’

There has also been major advances in chemistry that have helped paleontologists uncover what color these animals’ feathers were, along with the outer shells of their eggs.

Yale University used a technique that shines a laser lights on a fossilized egg, allowing them to see how light scatters throughout to reveal the inner chemistry. The process was used on deinonychus eggshells, which highlighted two chemical – protoporphyrin and biliverdin – that were found in modern-day bird eggs

Yale University used a technique that shines a laser lights on a fossilized egg, allowing them to see how light scatters throughout to reveal the inner chemistry. The process was used on deinonychus eggshells, which highlighted two chemical – protoporphyrin and biliverdin – that were found in modern-day bird eggs

Yale University used a technique that shines a laser lights on a fossilized egg, allowing them to see how light scatters throughout to reveal the inner chemistry.

Yale Ph.D. candidate Jasmina Wiemann used this process on deinonychus eggshells, which highlighted two chemical – protoporphyrin and biliverdin – that were found in modern-day bird eggs.

National Geographic released its October issue with a cover story on ‘Reimaging Dinosaurs,’ where it discuss new technologies used in the field

National Geographic released its October issue with a cover story on ‘Reimaging Dinosaurs,’ where it discuss new technologies used in the field

This allowed Wiemann to speculate what

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