WHAT ARE ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEAR TESTS?

The United States conducted over 1,000 nuclear tests from 1945-1992.

A still from the Castle Union test in 1954 is pictured 

A still from the Castle Union test in 1954 is pictured 

Of the bunch, over 200 were atmospheric – meaning they are carried out in the atmosphere.

Bombs are dropped from airplanes, detonated on barges or islands, or buried at a shallow depth in the ocean to create a surface-breaking crater.

The first US atmospheric test took place on July 16, 1945 in New Mexico, on what was then the Alamogordo Bombing Range, according to a report from the US Department of Energy.

Between June 1946 and

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