Coronavirus UK: London Tier Two lockdown is putting '250,000 hospitality jobs ...

What is the difference between Tier One and Tier Two? 

TIER ONE 

Normal social distancing should be followed. Face masks on public transport and in shops etc.

Rule of Six on gatherings indoors and outdoors, and 10pm curfew on pubs. 

 TIER TWO

The Tier One rules still apply. 

In addition, households are banned from mixing in any indoor setting.

That means that socialising inside homes and bars is off limits.

However, in pub gardens, private gardens and other outdoor spaces it is still permitted as long as the Rule of Six is obeyed. 

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Furious hospitality chiefs today blasted Sadiq Khan for 'cursing' London as they warned that plunging the UK capital into Tier Two lockdown will cause 'catastrophic business closures and widespread job losses'.

London is braced for tighter controls from midnight on Saturday after a deal was done with Mr Khan, who is demanding yet more money from the Government and calling for a national 'circuit breaker'.

From Saturday, Londoners will be banned from mixing with other households indoors, including in bars and other venues, while socialising outdoors — including pub and private gardens — will still be allowed under the Rule of Six.

Offices and public transport can remain open, although the Government's general advice to work from home where possible stands.

Today angry hospitality bosses, including restaurateurs and Britain's biggest pub trade association, all lined up to warn City Hall that further coronavirus restrictions would lead to economic devastation.

It has now emerged that UKHospitality boss Kate Nicholls warned the London Mayor that more draconian action would lead to 'mass job losses', as much as 250,000 in the capital alone, yesterday — a full day before London was moved into Tier Two.

Her letter to Mr Khan added that 'we have moved into a new phase of financial peril for our businesses, their employees, the capital's tourism offer, and the social and cultural prospects for Londoners'.

MailOnline has asked City Hall if it consulted with UKHospitality before London's hospitality sector effectively shut down.

Ms Nicholls' letter warned that his request to plunge London into lockdown would be 'incredibly damaging without additional financial support and urge you to work with us to secure that is in place before any changes to London's classification is made'.

Responding to the announcement, she called on Ministers to remove employer contributions from the Job Support Scheme for hospitality 'or apply tier 3 job support to tier 2 businesses'.

'If it does not, we are looking at catastrophic businesses closures and widespread job losses in the capital as early as 1 November,' she said, according to Sky News.

The UKHospitality boss also requested a package of financial support measures, including enabling hospitality businesses outside the most severe restrictions to be allowed to close voluntarily while still accessing emergency funding.

'With the announcement of the new tiered restrictions system, focused almost entirely on the hospitality sector, we have moved into a new phase of financial peril for our businesses, their employees, the capital's tourism offer, and the social and cultural prospects for Londoners,' she wrote.

'The current restrictions — the 10pm curfew, the instruction to work from home and various other impositions on customers and staff — have combined to severely dampen trade, particularly in London. Across the UK, London has the lowest proportion of pubs, bars and restaurants open of any region - with one in six (16 per cent) still closed.

She warned: 'Mass job losses — potentially up to 250,000 in London alone — will become unavoidable if more support is not forthcoming.'

Responding to news that London is being plunged into a Tier Two lockdown from midnight on Saturday, Ms Nicholls said businesses will be 'trapped in a no man's land of being open, but with severe restrictions that will significantly hit custom, all while being unable to access the job support available in Tier Three'.

She called the situation 'the worst of both worlds for businesses', adding: 'The Government must remove employer contributions from the Job Support Scheme for hospitality or apply Tier 3 job support to Tier Two businesses. If it does not, we are looking at catastrophic businesses closures and widespread job losses in the capital as early as November 1.' 

At City Hall earlier, Mr Khan said: 'Nobody wants to see more restrictions, but this is deemed to be necessary in order to protect Londoners lives by myself, London Council Leaders and by ministers.

'As part of our discussions, I've also made clear to the Government that we need more financial support for London's businesses, workers and public services as we face more restrictions, and we will continue to make this case.'

It comes as Health Secretary Matt Hancock told the Commons he 'hated' bringing in new measures, but it was the 'only way' to save lives. He said cases were 'on a steep upward path' in London.

'Unless we suppress the virus we cannot return to the economy we had,' he added. In a grim message he warned: 'Things will get worse before they get better.' 

In other coronavirus developments today: 

The Queen sought to send a reassuring message to the country as she got back to business without a mask, carrying out her first public engagement outside of a royal residence since before the coronavirus pandemic; Covidiot MP Margaret Ferrier will face no police action despite travelling 800 miles across Britain while ill with coronavirus, Scotland Yard said;  Former government advisor Louise Casey has warned that locked down workers could be forced to 'prostitute' themselves because government support is inadequate;  As many as 13 London boroughs have breached the infection threshold of 100 cases per 100,000 people;  Police chiefs have warned Mark Drakeford's plan to impose a travel ban on English visitors to Wales from coronavirus hotspots is 'unenforceable';   The UK's total coronavirus deaths rose to 43,155 yesterday, while the number of cases diagnosed since the outbreak began in March reached 654,644.

Ros Morgan, Chief Executive at Heart of London Business Alliance

UKHospitality boss Kate Nicholls

UKHospitality boss Kate Nicholls (right) warned the London Mayor that more draconian action would lead to 'mass job losses', as much as 250,000 in the capital alone, yesterday — a full day before London was moved into Tier Two. Also responding to the decision to impose further restrictions on London, Ros Morgan (left), chief executive of the Heart of London business group, questioned whether the Government's decision to shutdown 'key sectors for the UK economy' was 'evidence-based'

Sadiq Khan warned this morning that Londoners face a 'difficult winter ahead'

London is braced for tighter controls from midnight tomorrow after a deal was done with London Mayor Sadiq Khan, who is demanding yet more money from the Government and calling for a national 'circuit breaker'. From Saturday, Londoners will be banned from mixing with other households indoors, including in bars and other venues, while socialising outdoors — including pub and private gardens — will still be allowed under the Rule of Six 

PM could impose 'urban circuit breaker' at school half-term

Boris Johnson is looking at placing millions of people in urban areas into a total 'circuit breaker' lockdown at half term.

Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove and the PM's assistant Dominic Cummings are said to be pushing for a two-week closure from October 26 - but limit it to the worst-affected parts of England.

This would allow him to appear to be taking decisive action in the face of wide-support for the measure but avoid handing a political victory to Labour leader Keir Starmer, who demanded a nationwide lockdown this week.

It would cover all areas in the top Tier 3 Very High category but could also include some areas currently at Tier 2 High.

It came as it was announced London will go into Tier 2 lockdown from midnight on Friday night, with ministers expected to announce Greater Manchester would be put into the highest Tier 3 later today.

Mr Johnson has not ruled out a circuit-breaker, but in a combative performance at Prime Minister's Questions yesterday, he said it would mean misery for millions.

He rounded on Sir Keir Starmer over his call for the UK to be plunged back into a national lockdown for a temporary period.

The PM is also likely to have stiff opposition from the Chancellor. Responding to Keir Starmer's call for a full circuit breaker, Rishi Sunak last night said Britain was already facing an 'economic emergency' - and said Labour 'do not seem to care about the long-term stability of the public finances'.

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Also responding to the decision to impose further restrictions on London, Ros Morgan, chief executive of the Heart of London business group, questioned whether the Government's decision to shutdown 'key sectors for the UK economy' was 'evidence-based'.

She told the Evening Standard: 'Currently there is limited persuasive evidence. Existing measures are already having a profound impact on businesses in central London with some businesses already shutting up shop as a result. Further lockdown, without further Government support, will be catastrophic. We cannot let this become the new normal.'

Restaurateur Rahul Khanna, whose company operates Pali Hill in Fitzrovia, added: 'This ruling shows that the Government has little understanding of how restaurants have been operating, or what they are offering to the public.'

Meanwhile, The British Beer & Pub Association, the leading trade association representing brewers and pubs, warned that Tier Two restrictions will 'decimate pubs, brewers and their supply chains in these regions unless a proper package of support is given to them'.

Chief executive Emma McClarkin said: 'All pubs are already particularly struggling of the 10pm curfew, rule of six and low consumer confidence exacerbated by low footfall caused by a lack of tourists and commuters. These further restrictions will leave most pubs fighting for their very survival.

'Tier two measures mean pubs can remain open, but households cannot mix inside them. This completely kills our pubs' business model making many of them totally unviable, yet under tier two restrictions they are not eligible for any additional financial support from Government, unlike in tier three where additional support is provided.

'The knock-on effect to brewers and pubs' supply chain partners will devastate them too without more support.

'Without additional financial support, specifically access to financial grants and a job retention scheme closer to that in tier three, many pubs will be closing their doors for good.

'The Government must now do the right thing and immediately announce financial support measures to ensure pubs in these regions can survive, to continue serving their local communities and supporting thousands of jobs.

'They must also clarify how long these restrictions will be in place and what criteria the decisions for moving in and out of the tiering system will be based on. We urge the Government to work with us on this.' 

Mr Khan has been pushing for the capital to be moved up from Tier One - which just means normal social distancing rules, the Rule of Six and a 10pm curfew on pubs - to Tier Two.

However, he has been angling for more funding to go alongside the curbs, and there was resistance within government, local councils and Tory MPs to treating London as a whole, with infection rates varying widely in different boroughs. 

EALING is now London's Covid-19 hotspot 

Ealing has become London's new Covid-19 hotspot, figures revealed today as it was confirmed that the capital is being thrust into a Tier Two lockdown from tomorrow night.

Government data shows the West London borough diagnosed 144.5 cases for every 100,000 residents in the week ending October 9, topping Richmond upon Thames (137.9). 

Ealing's seven-day rolling average number of weekly Covid-19 cases has jumped up to 144.5 per 100,000 people in the week ending October 9, from 132.5 just yesterday.

Some parts of the borough are significantly harder hit than others, according to the government's dashboard.

For example, South Ealing's infection rate currently stands at 293.6, Southall North's is 274.3 and Elthorne Park's is 295.3. 

The Government coronavirus dashboard reveals the borough has moved up from the third spot to the top in one day, overtaking Richmond-upon-Thames and Hackney and City of London.

Thirteen boroughs now have infection rates over 100 per 100,000 people, the equivalent of one person in every 1,000 catching the coronavirus every week. 

None of the 32 boroughs had tipped the threshold before this week, according to separate Public Health England data. 

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Ealing has become London's new Covid-19 hotspot, figures revealed today. Government data shows the West London borough diagnosed 144.5 cases for every 100,000 residents in the week ending October 9, topping Richmond upon Thames (137.9). 

Ealing's seven-day rolling average number of weekly Covid-19 cases has jumped up to 144.5 per 100,000 people in the week ending October 9, from 132.5 just yesterday.

Some parts of the borough are significantly harder hit than others, according to the government's dashboard.

For example, South Ealing's infection rate currently stands at 293.6, Southall North's is 274.3 and Elthorne Park's is 295.3. 

The Government coronavirus dashboard reveals the borough has moved up from the third spot to the top in one day, overtaking Richmond-upon-Thames and Hackney and City of London.

Thirteen boroughs now have infection rates over 100 per 100,000 people, the equivalent of one person in every 1,000 catching the coronavirus every week. 

None of the 32 boroughs had tipped the threshold before this week, according to separate Public Health England data. 

The dramatic step was criticised by some London Tories.

London Mayoral Candidate Shaun Bailey said: 'Sadiq Khan's constant calls for more restrictions and more lockdowns are incredibly irresponsible. It's almost like he wants people to pay attention to anything other than his terrible record as Mayor.

'I fully support the government's decision to put London into Tier Two. It's a sensible move that may help us avoid another lockdown while keeping Londoners safe.

'To be absolutely clear, London's economy would be hit hard by a second lockdown. So even though it's right to keep all options on the table, we should do everything we can to avoid a second lockdown.'

Former Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith demanded to know whether London was being sacrificed to demonstrate the South was not being treated more leniently. 

'London is huge, whether people like it or not it is very diverse and each of the boroughs, many of them are bigger than most of the towns in the rest of the UK,' he said in the Commons.

'Surely we need to look again at the nature of this London-wide Tier 2 position because there could even be regional areas that could be taken out, there are big disparities.

'Please think again, otherwise, as one constituent has literally rang me today has said – is this in fact a London-wide Tier 2 to stop the North/South divide argument running?'

Mr Hancock replied: 'No, just on the last point, absolutely not. The decision has been taken on the basis of the data across London.

'And we did consider the borough-by-borough approach that he understandably advocates, but the decision that we came to is because the cases are rising throughout the capital therefore it was right for the capital to move as a whole – and that was supported by the cross-party team who are working on this at a London level.'

Bromley and Chislehurst MP Sir Bob Neill said the 'one-size-fits-all approach' for the capital was a mistake. The senior Conservative told Sky News: 'I think it's a mistake. I think it's disproportionate for the whole of London.

'I can see some parts of London the test is met, but… there is a cluster of south-east and southern London boroughs where the rates are very much lower.

'And although they are increasing I think to move this way for the whole of London, this one-size-fits-all approach, is a mistake because of the very real harm it will do to businesses.'

Wimbledon MP Stephen Hammond said he was surprised that the Tier 2 measures were being imposed across the capital.

'Yes, London infections are rising but they are rising at different rates in different parts of London, different levels of hospitalisation,' the senior Tory told BBC Radio 4's World At One.

'You are taking a very, very broad sweep and it's not clear that the Government has actually made the case that there should be a complete London-wide lockdown.'

In the Commons, Mr Hancock stressed his distaste for the infringement of civil liberties. But he cemented his reputation as the leading 'dove' in Cabinet by insisting action had to be taken before cases rise further. 

'The central change is that people cannot now meet other households socially indoors. This applies in any setting at home, or in a restaurant or in any other venue. The rule of six still applies in any outdoor setting and although you may continue to travel to open venues, you should reduce the number of journeys where possible,' he said.   

Can I still meet my friends in a pub garden? Should I cancel my half-term trip to Cornwall? Your questions answered as nine million Londoners are plunged into Tier 2 lockdown 

Nine million people in London are set to face tougher coronavirus restrictions banning households mixing indoors from midnight on Friday night.

MPs have been told London will move to 'tier two', meaning households will be banned from mixing indoors - including in pubs - from Saturday at 0.01am.  

The ban on households mixing indoors could be devastating for the capital's 3,640 pubs and 7,556 restaurants - who will see business suffer but will not be eligible for Government

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