Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin ordered elderly residents to stay home for four months and told businesses that 30 per cent of staff must work from home.
The total number of cases has topped 8 million, more than 5 per cent of the population, with another 33,740 new infections on Tuesday, just shy of a record daily rise.
The Kremlin urged people again to get jabbed amid colossal pressure on the country's underfunded healthcare system.
The Orlovsky region, around 200 miles south of Moscow, had run out of hospital beds, according to Governor Andrei Klychkov.
Medical specialists transport a patient outside a hospital for people infected with the coronavirus in Moscow last Wednesday
Russia has reimposed lockdown restrictions in Moscow and begged its citizens to get vaccinated as the country today saw a record daily toll toll of 1,015 Covid deaths
The total number of cases has topped 8 million, more than 5 per cent of the population, with another 33,740 new infections on Tuesday, just shy of a record daily rise
Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov told reporters: 'There is a tradition of blaming the state for everything. Of course, the state feels and knows its share of responsibility.
'But a more responsible position is needed from all citizens of our country,' he said. 'Now each of us must show responsibility ... and get vaccinated.'
The government proposed introducing a single non-working week to battle surging coronavirus cases as the country registered a new record number of daily deaths.
Many Russian regions plan to keep cafes, museums and other public venues open only to those who have recently recovered from COVID-19 or have proof of inoculation with a Russian vaccine or a negative coronavirus test.