Mr Cameron was the Prime Minister between 2010 and 2016. He called the Brexit referendum in June 2016 and campaigned in favour of Remain. When he subsequently lost, he stepped down from office and was succeeded by Theresa May as leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister. She resigned this summer as well, so Boris Johnson, who campaigned against the Government and in favour of leaving the EU, was elected by the Conservative Party in her place.
In 2018 BBC Radio 4 series ‘Cameron Years’, Mr Clarke said: “It never crossed [Cameron’s] mind he might lose [the referendum].
“He had never lost anything in his life and he wasn’t going to lose this.”
Mr Cameron was the youngest Prime Minister for over 200 years to step into office. He was only 43 at the time, and had been a Conservative MP for West Oxfordshire’s Witney since 2001.
He initially led a Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government, but his party won with a majority government in the 2015 election.
David Cameron and Ken Clarke (Image: GETTY)
Mr Cameron resigned when he lost the referendum (Image: GETTY)
Mr Cameron called the referendum because he had promised to do so in his manifesto pledge.
However, just the act of calling a referendum made some of his own party “extremely angry”.
Arch-Remainer Mr Clarke, who was justice secretary at the time, said: “There was a time after he announced the decision and I, as a member of the cabinet, had read about it in the newspapers and I was extremely angry.
“He explained it was all part of shutting up the backbenchers.
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President of the European Council Donald Tusk and Mr Cameron (Image: GETTY)
“He didn’t give