PUBLISHED: 20:53, Fri, Aug 14, 2020 | UPDATED: 20:53, Fri, Aug 14, 2020
Saturday marks the 75th anniversary of VJ Day. The landmark date effectively brought an end to World War 2. Then an imperial power, Japan surrendered after the US dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Fifteen years after the event, Japan legally signed into its constitution its adoption of pacifism, with the US pledging its commitment to defend the nation.
The US has continued to militarily occupy Japan ever since.
This commitment has, however, in recent years wavered, mostly under current president Donald Trump.
In 2019, former national security advisor John Bolton, in his memoir The Room Where It Happened, claimed Mr Trump demanded Tokyo pay $8billion (£6billion) per year for costs associated to American troops or risk their withdrawal.
World War 3: The US is 'committed' to defending Japan from China an expert told Express.co.uk (Image: GETTY)
Japan military: Being pacifist, Japan has no considerable army of its own instead relying on the US (Image: GETTY)
This was compared to the roughly $2.5billion (£1.9billion) that Japan had been paying.
In protecting Japan, the US simultaneously fulfils its 1960 commitment and its own interests in curbing Beijing's influence.
Despite Trump's rocky rhetoric on the deal, Sean King, senior vice-president of Park Strategies in New York and an affiliated scholar at University of Notre Dame’s Liu Institute, told Express.co.uk that the US would continue to defend Japan from China's aggression.
He explained: "You would assume any aggression from China towards Japan would be around the Senkaku Islands.
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Royal Navy: A UK commander works during a joint maritime practice with Japan (Image: GETTY)
"The US has 50,000 troops in Japan, most of whom are in Okinawa, which is nearby; it has 23,000 troops in South Korea who could be called on in case of contingency, and however many hours away the US has more troops in Hawaii and Guam.