PUBLISHED: 15:19, Thu, Oct 22, 2020 | UPDATED: 15:19, Thu, Oct 22, 2020
The Bible's Book of Exodus describes the plight of the ancient Israelites under Egyptian slavery, and their subsequent escape to freedom. Key players in this chapter of the Old Testament include the Hebrew prophet Moses and the unnamed Egyptian Pharaoh, whose identity has been hotly debated. Exodus contains very few clues about the Pharaoh's identity, revealing only the Israelites "built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses".
And although the historical accuracy of these events has been questioned by some, historians have suggested the Pharaoh may have been Rameses II, Rameses III, Thutmose II or Akhenaten.
Professor Tom Meyer from Shasta Bible College and Graduate School in California, US, has, however, suggested another possibility.
In his opinion, there is ample archaeological evidence to suggest the Pharaoh in Exodus was Amenhotep II, the son of Thutmose III.
The Bible expert told Express.co.uk: "Who was the Pharaoh of the Exodus? Moses, for whatever reason, chose not to reveal this king’s personal name in the Biblical book of Exodus.
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"This mystery of the ages can be solved using biblical chronology and is reinforced by an archaeological treasure found in between the paws of the Great Sphinx of Giza.
"To discover this Pharaoh’s identity, we begin with the chronological peg given in 1 Kings 6:1, which states that King Solomon began to construct the Temple of YHWH in Jerusalem 480 years after Israel came out of Egypt.
"The Temple’s construction began around 960 BC which would place the Exodus around 1440 BC."
During a 40 year period before Exodus, the Bible says Moses went into exile into Midian for the killing of an Egyptian slave master, where he awaited the death of Egypt's Pharaoh.
It is during this time scripture says God first spoke to Moses through a burning bush.
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