PUBLISHED: 12:30, Thu, Nov 5, 2020 | UPDATED: 13:04, Thu, Nov 5, 2020
The first direct observation of gravitational waves was announced by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) in what was a huge step forward for science. Previously, gravitational waves had only been inferred indirectly, via their effect on the timing of pulsars in binary star systems and the waveform matched the prediction of Einstein’s general relativity. But American theoretical physicist Dr James Gates says there is another theory of the German genuis' that could soon be proved right.
Speaking during Neil deGrasse Tyson’s StarTalk podcast, he said: “In 1905, Einstein wrote four papers, and among those papers is one that points out that energy has to be quantised.
“We know that Einstein doesn’t like quantum theory, but he’s actually one of the founding fathers because of this paper on the photoelectric effect.
“Now that we have seen waves of gravity, we want to see the quantisation of the energy carried by those waves.
“When we do that, we will have the graviton in our universe.
Einstein's theory could be proved right after 100 years (Image: GETTY)
Einstein was a genius and came up with the theory for general relativity (Image: GETTY)
“You want to be able to see the quantisation of the energy that the gravity waves hold that tells you that gravitons – at that point it is no longer science fiction – are a piece of science.”
In theoretical physics, a graviton is the hypothetical quantum of gravity, an elementary particle that mediates the force of gravity.
Dr Tyson broke it down to a simpler explanation.
He added: “A photon is a particle of light, but you can also speak