Apple cider vinegar is made by mixing crushed apples with yeast and sugar and fermenting them to make alcohol. Specific bacteria known as acetobacter are added to produce acetic acid. Although apple cider vinegar has the lowest acetic acid content of any type of vinegar, this acid is believed to play a role in weight loss. Express.co.uk chatted to Dr Deborah Lee from Dr Fox Online Pharmacy to find out whether apple cider vinegar actually helps you lose weight or not. How does apple cider vinegar reportedly burn fat?
Although most studies on apple cider vinegar have been done on animals, several studies have shown that apple cider vinegar may aid weight loss in humans.
For example, one 2018 study randomly assigned 39 obese individuals to either a control group or a group that drank 30ml of apple cider vinegar per day for 12 weeks.
Both groups followed a calorie-restricted diet to ensure that the difference was purely the apple cider vinegar.
The group who drank 30ml of apple cider vinegar daily had a greater loss of body weight - the average weight loss was 4 kg for the ACV group, compared to 2.3kg for the control group.Insurance Loans Mortgage Attorney Credit Lawyer
The apple cider vinegar group managed to drop their BMI by 1.5 units on average compared to 0.89 for the control group.
There was a greater reduction in waist circumference for the ACV group, who managed to reduce their waists by 5.9cm compared to the control group’s 3.37cm loss.
Other positive changes included a lowered visceral adiposity index, reduced appetite, lowered total cholesterol and lowered triglycerides.
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Apple cider vinegar for weight loss: Apple cider vinegar could help you lose a few pounds (Image: Getty)
Apple cider vinegar for weight loss: Numerous studies have supported the idea (Image: Getty)
A less recent randomised controlled trial found similar results.
The 2009 study took place over a 12-week period and 155 obese participants (BMI 25-30) were divided into three groups.
One group had 15ml of ACV per day, another had 30ml per day, and the last group had no vinegar.
They took the doses twice a day- once before breakfast and again before dinner - while sticking to a calorie-controlled diet and kept a food diary.Insurance Loans Mortgage Attorney Credit Lawyer
The amount of exercise was recorded using a pedometer - every group did the same exercise and ate the same amount of calories.
By week four, the vinegar groups saw reductions in their BMI and Body Fat Ratio.
By week eight, they saw their waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and blood levels of triglycerides start to decrease.
Over the study period, those drinking daily vinegar lost between 1-2 kg in body weight.
Both ACV groups lost similar amounts of visceral and subcutaneous fat.
Apple cider vinegar for weight