‘Energy-restricted’ Mediterranean diet reduce visceral fat finds study

Dr Zoe Williams discusses visceral fat on This Morning

Visceral fat is body fat that is stored within the abdominal cavity - a large hollow space that includes the liver, stomach, small and large intestines. An accumulation of fat in this area can have grave health implications, including an increased risk of heart disease. Fortunately, you can eliminate the belly fat by making healthy dietary interventions.

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Research suggests following an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet can lead to favourable weight loss outcomes.

A review investigated the impact of Mediterranean diet interventions on visceral fat.

A systematic literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and Cochrane library databases.

To identify relevant studies, the researchers used search terms such as ‘Mediterranean Diet’, ‘Mediterranean dietary pattern’, ‘central obesity’ and ‘visceral fat’.

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READ MORE: How to lose visceral fat: DHEA causes 'significant' reductions in visceral fat - study

Energy-restricted Mediterranean diet can helpHow to reduce visceral fat: Energy-restricted Mediterranean diet can help (Image: Getty Images)

Eighteen articles met the eligibility criteria and linked visceral fat to a Mediterranean diet intervention.

Thirteen of the studies, totalling 7186 subjects (5168 subjects assigned to a Mediterranean Diet), reported a significant reduction in visceral fat with a Mediterranean-type diet.

However, seven out of these 13 interventions employed energy restriction, the researchers found.

What is an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet?

The Mediterranean diet is high in vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, beans, cereals, grains, fish, and unsaturated fats such as olive oil.

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