(fashion) A rare form of pneumonia is among the mysterious breathing-related illnesses that have sickened 450 people across the US, a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reveals.
Health officials say that they identified at least five patients at two hospitals in North Carolina between July and August 2019 who contracted acute lipoid pneumonia.
All of the patients reported using electronic vaping pens or e-cigarettes to vape THC, the main psychoactive compound in marijuana.
Scans of their lungs showed a build-up of fats, which has been linked to e-cigarette use in the past.
The report sheds light on some of the lung illnesses that have spread across 33 states, and authors say that investigations are needed in others states to see if those cases have the same features.
A new CDC report has revealed acute lipoid pneumonia to be among the outbreak of mysterious lung-related illnesses spreading across the US. Pictured: A scan showing a build-up of fats or oils in a patient with e-cigarette-associated lung disease in North Carolina
Acute lipoid pneumonia occurs when tiny particles from fat or oil enter the lungs and inflame the lining.
Some people have mild or no symptoms at all, while other people may experience chest pain, coughing and breathing issues.
Because the signs are non-specific, this can lead to a missed diagnosis, which can delay treatment.
It occurs in just one percent to 2.5 percent of the population, according to a 2003 study from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center in New York.
This makes the condition extremely rare.
According to the report, the patients, who were between ages 18 and 35, all experienced several days of shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting before they were hospitalized.
Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, are devices, often resembling cigarettes, cigars or pipes, designed to deliver nicotine or related substances to users in the form of a vapor.
E-cigarettes contain a solution that's heated up and converted to an aerosol, which is then inhaled.
The most common ingredients are:Nicotine Flavorings Colorings Propylene glycol (a lab-made liquid found in foods but also used to make artificial smoke or fog for performances) Glycerin (a liquid that has a slightly sweet taste) Chemicals to heat up the liquid such as formaldehyde and acetaldehyde (both possible carcinogens)