NASA unveils photos of Jupiter 'up close and personal'

NASA's Juno spacecraft performed its eighth flyby of Jupiter and captured stunning images of the planet.

The photos - captured on September 1 - show various points of interest on the giant gas planet in incredible detail.

The four-photo series begins with a head-on look at the planet before showing Jupiter tilted upward, revealing the planet's stormy south pole.

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NASA's Juno spacecraft performed its eighth flyby of Jupiter and captured stunning images of the planet. The photos - captured on September 1 - show various points of interest of the giant gas planet in incredible detail. The four-photo series begins with a head-on look at the planet before showing Jupiter tilted upward, revealing the planet's stormy south pole

NASA's Juno spacecraft performed its eighth flyby of Jupiter and captured stunning images of the planet. The photos - captured on September 1 - show various points of interest of the giant gas planet in incredible detail. The four-photo series begins with a head-on look at the planet before showing Jupiter tilted upward, revealing the planet's stormy south pole

WHAT IS THE GREAT RED SPOT? 

The so-called 'Great Red Spot' is a violent storm, which in the late 1800s was estimated to be about 25,000 miles (about 40,000 km) in diameter – wide enough for three Earths to fit side by side. 

The biggest in the solar system, it appears as a deep red orb surrounded by layers of pale yellow, orange and white.

Winds inside the storm have been measured at several hundreds of miles per hour, Nasa astronomers said. 

The first photo offers a good look at the center of the planet, even showing a bit of the north and the aurorae on the north pole.

The second shows the wide dark belts that contrast with lighter-hued zones, which are arranged at different latitudes and called 'tropical regions.'

The interactions of these conflicting cloud and circulation patterns cause turbulence, storms, and wind speeds of 100 m/s.

In the third photo, more of the cyclones that live on the planet's south side come into view.

By the last, Jupiter's south pole starts to show. 

The spacecraft whizzed past the gas giant for a total of eight minutes between 6:03 PM and 6:11 PM EDT.

At the times the images were taken, Juno's altitude ranged from 7,545 to 14,234 miles (12,143 to 22,908 kilometers) from the tops of the planet's clouds. 

It flew at latitudes ranging from -28.5406 to -44.4912 degrees.

Last month, a stunning new image of Jupiter captured by NASA's Juno spacecraft offered a new perspective on the gas giant, with a view that appears to show the planet flipped on its side.

The striking vista features the planet's famed Great Red Spot fading from from view, while the dynamic bands of the southern region come into focus.

It was captured using data taken with the JunoCam on July 10, as the Juno spacecraft performed its seventh close flyby of Jupiter. 

The striking vista features the planet's famed Great Red Spot fading from from view while the dynamic bands of the southern region come into focus. It was captured using data taken with the JunoCam on July 10, as the Juno spacecraft performed its seventh close flyby of Jupiter

The striking vista features the planet's famed Great Red Spot fading from from view while the dynamic bands of the southern region come into focus. It was captured using data taken with the JunoCam on July 10, as the Juno spacecraft performed its seventh close flyby of Jupiter

When image was taken, the spacecraft was 10,274 miles from the tops of the clouds of the planet, at a latitude of -36.9 degrees. 

'North is to the left of the image, and south is on the right,' NASA explains.

The astonishing photo was created by citizen scientists Gerald Eichstädt and Seán Doran - JunoCam's raw images are available for the public to peruse and process.

While many of Juno's images have focused on the planet's mysterious giant red spot, its little brother was also recently revealed in incredible detail by the probe.

Other recent images show the dynamic storm at the southern edge of Jupiter's northern polar region.

Officially known as the North North Temperate Little Red Spot 1 (NN-LRS-1); it has been tracked at least since 1993, and may be older still, according to NASA. 

Citizen scientists Gerald Eichstädt and Seán Doran processed this image using data from the JunoCam imager. It was taken on July 10, 2017 at 6:42 p.m. PDT (9:42 p.m. EDT), as the Juno spacecraft performed its seventh close flyby of Jupiter, and shows the North North Temperate Little Red Spot 1, the third largest anticyclonic oval on the planet which is typically around 3,700 miles (6,000 kilometers) long

Citizen scientists Gerald Eichstädt and Seán Doran processed this image using data from the JunoCam imager. It was taken on July 10, 2017 at 6:42 p.m. PDT (9:42 p.m. EDT), as the Juno spacecraft performed its seventh close flyby of Jupiter, and shows the North North Temperate Little Red Spot 1, the third largest anticyclonic oval on the planet which is typically around 3,700 miles (6,000 kilometers) long

HOW IT WAS TAKEN 

The image was taken on July 10, 2017 at 6:42 p.m. PDT (9:42 p.m. EDT), as the Juno spacecraft performed its seventh close flyby of Jupiter. 

At the time the image was taken, the spacecraft was about 7,111 miles (11,444 kilometers) from the tops of the clouds of the planet at a latitude of 44.5 degrees.

 

The long-lived anticyclonic oval is the third largest anticyclonic oval on the planet, typically around 3,700 miles (6,000 kilometers) long. 

The color varies between red and off-white (as it is now), but this JunoCam image shows that it still has a pale reddish core within the radius of maximum wind speeds.

An anticyclone is a weather phenomenon where winds around the storm flow in the direction opposite to that of the flow around a region of low pressure. 

Citizen scientists Gerald Eichstädt and Seán Doran processed this image using data from the JunoCam imager. 

The image has been rotated so that the top of the image is actually the equatorial regions while the bottom of the image is of the northern polar regions of the planet.

Although the storm is huge, it is tiny compared to its 'big brother', the so-called 'Great Red Spot'.

This violent storm, which in the late 1800s was estimated to be about 25,000 miles (about 40,000 km) in diameter – wide enough for three Earths to fit side by side.

The biggest storm in the solar system, it appears as a deep red orb surrounded by layers of pale yellow, orange and white.

A stunning new image of Jupiter¿s tumultuous ¿Great Red Spot¿ has revealed what it might be like to glimpse the biggest storm in our solar system up close. The image shows a natural colour rendition of the massive storm

A stunning new image of Jupiter's tumultuous 'Great Red Spot' has revealed what it might be like to glimpse the biggest storm in our solar system up close. The image shows a natural colour rendition of the massive storm

Previous NASA releases have focused on Jupiter's tumultuous 'Great Red Spot' has revealed what it might be like to glimpse the biggest storm in our solar system up close.

The image shows a natural colour rendition of the massive storm, based on data from the Juno spacecraft's seventh close flyby of the planet, simulating how it would be seen by the human eye.

Juno captured the view from about 8,648 miles (13,917 kilometers) above the cloud tops using its JunoCam imager. 

The new image was processed by citizen scientist Björn Jónsson, according to NASA, using data from Juno's July 10 close approach.

'This true-color image offers a natural color rendition of what the Great Red Spot and surrounding areas would look like to human eyes from Juno's position,' NASA explains.

'The tumultuous atmospheric zones in and around the Great Red Spot are clearly visible.' 

Just weeks ago, the space agency released the first images from the probe's historic flyby of the 'Great Red Spot.'

The probe, which has been monitoring Jupiter's surface for just over a year, passed about 5,600 miles (9,000 kilometres) above the Great Red Spot.

The first three unprocessed 'raw' images were revealed by NASA as a taste of the images to come, and space enthusiasts soon tweaked them to produce stunning images.

This is an early processed version of an image created by Gerald Eichstädt, using NASA's raw data. It gives an unprecedented glimpse into the gigantic red spot of Jupiter

This is an early processed version of an image created by Gerald Eichstädt, using NASA's raw data. It gives an unprecedented glimpse into the gigantic red spot of Jupiter

Another of Jason Major's processed images, showing the cloud detail inside the gigantic storm (right)

'Raw images from the Juno spacecraft's flyby of Jupiter's Great Red Spot are back on Earth,' NASA said as it revealed the images.

'We invite the public to act as a virtual imaging team, from identifying features of interest to sharing the finished images online.'

NASA is currently processing the images itself, and more are expected to be unveiled over the coming days. 

'After JunoCam data arrives on Earth, members of the public can process the images to create color pictures,' it said.

'The public also helps determine which points on the planet will be photographed.'

Experts have predict that the views of the storm will be breathtaking.  

The data collection of the Great Red Spot is part of Juno's sixth flyby over Jupiter's mysterious cloud tops. 

Tom Momary posted this version of the image, titled 'Peering into the Great Red Spot...color enhancements and vibrance, to bring out detail'

Tom Momary posted this version of the image, titled 'Peering into the Great Red Spot...color enhancements and vibrance, to bring out detail'

Perijove (the point at which an orbit comes closest to Jupiter's center) was this morning at 02:55 BST (21:55 EDT yesterday evening).

At the time of perijove, Juno was about 2,200 miles (3,500 kilometers) above the planet's cloud tops.

Eleven minutes and 33 seconds later, Juno covered another 24,713 miles (39,771 kilometers) and was directly above the Great Red Spot.

The spacecraft passed about 5,600 miles (9,000 kilometers) above the Giant Red Spot clouds.

All eight of the spacecraft's instruments as well as its imager, JunoCam, were on during the flyby.

'My latest Jupiter flyby is

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