A new artificial intelligence that is learning to understand the 'thoughts' of others has been built by Google-owned research firm DeepMind.
The software is capable of predicting what other AIs will do, and can even understand whether they hold 'false beliefs' about the world around them.
DeepMind reports its bot can now pass a key psychological test that most children only develop the skills for at around age four.
Its proficiency in this 'theory of mind' test may lead to robots that can think more like humans.
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DeepMind reports its bot can now pass a key psychological test that most children only develop the skills for around age four. Its proficiency in this important 'theory of mind' test may lead to robots that can think more like humans (stock image)
Most humans regularly think about the beliefs and intentions of others, an abstract skill shared by a fraction of the animal kingdom, including chimps and orangutans.
For instance, if someone drinks a glass of water, we assume they had a 'desire' to quench their thirst, and had a 'belief' that drinking water would achieve this.
This 'theory of mind' is key to our complex social interactions, and is a must for any AI hoping to imitate a human.
Now DeepMind, a group of AI researchers based in London, has created a bot with the intention of it developing a basic theory of mind, according to the New Scientist.
Known as Theory of Mind-net, or ToM-net, the bot is able to predict what other AI agents will do in a virtual setting.
It can also understand that they may hold 'false beliefs' about this world - that is, things that are objectively incorrect that someone believes to be true.
The software is capable of predicting what other AIs will do, and can understand whether they hold 'false beliefs' about the world. AI that display this 'theory of mind' could help to create better care robots, such as this prototype used in a trial at a care home in Southend in 2017
Humans cannot grasp that someone may hold false beliefs until the age of four, as shown by previous studies using the Sally-Anne test.
The tests describes two people, one of whom, Anne, watches the other, Sally, hide a ball somewhere in a room.
Someone then moves the ball to a different spot without Sally seeing, after which Anne, who witnessed the move, is asked where Sally will first look for the object.
To pass the test, Anne needs to show she can distinguish between where the object is and where Sally thinks it is - meaning she must understand Sally holds a false belief about the object's whereabouts.
To test their new AI, researchers at DeepMind mimicked this psychological trial in a virtual setting.
ToM-net, which played the role of Anne, was presented with an 11-by-11 grid which contained four coloured objects and a number of internal walls.
Unknown to ToM-net, a separate AI agent in the world was set a task to walk to one of the four objects.
ToM-net was asked to predict what was going to happen.
A new artificial intelligence that is learning to understand the 'thoughts' of others has been built by Google-owned firm DeepMind. The AI could help to create more lifelike androids, such as Sophia, an intelligent robot developed in Hong Kong (pictured)
As with the Sally-Anne test, the team switched some of the objects as the counterpart AI walked to its destination.
For instance, the bot