PUBLISHED: 09:01, Sun, Sep 13, 2020 | UPDATED: 16:18, Sun, Sep 13, 2020
The historicity of the Bible is a contested topic with some historians going as far as to suggest the figure of Jesus Christ never existed. But a number of archaeological discoveries made in the Holy Land could put the debate to rest, according to a theologian and Bible studies expert. These are discoveries linked to Pontius Pilate and the high priest Caiaphas, two central figures in the events that led to Jesus Christ's crucifixion.
Pontius Pilate was the fifth governor of the Roman province of Judea under Emperor Tiberius.
He is believed to have held his office between the years 26 AD and 37 AD, during which he presided over Jesus' trial, torture and execution.
And Joseph ben Caiaphas, known simply as Caiaphas, was the high priest of the Jewish Sanhedrin council who, according to the Gospels, plotted to have Jesus crucified.
Tom Meyer, a professor in Bible studies at Shasta Bible College and Graduate School in California, US, believes there is ample evidence to prove these figures were real, which, in turn, validates the Bible's testimony of Jesus' life and death.
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Jesus Christ revelation: An expert believes archaeology can validate the Bible (Image: GETTY)
Jesus Christ: The Bible says the high priest Caiaphas plotted against Jesus (Image: GETTY)
Professor Meyer told Express.co.uk: "Archaeological evidence has come to light demonstrating the existence of two of the main villains in the account of the crucifixion of Jesus: the Jewish high priest Caiaphas and Pontius Pilate the governor of the Roman province of Judea.
"Caiaphas was the leader of the Jewish Sanhedrin from 18 AD to 36 AD and according to the gospel of John, advised the Jewish leaders that it was expedient that one man - Jesus - should perish than the whole nation of Israel under the crushing weight of the Roman Empire.
"The human remains and ossuary or 'bone box' of the Jewish high priest who put Jesus to death were discovered by chance in Jerusalem."
Caiaphas' ossuary is believed to be one of 12 bone boxes uncovered during a construction project in a small south Jerusalem burial cave in November 1990.
Jesus Christ: This stone ossuary is believed to have belonged to Caiaphas (Image: DEROR_AVI)
Their discovery once again testifies to the reliability and historical accuracy of the Bible
Professor Tom Meyer, Shasta Bible College and Graduate School
His name features on one inscription reading "Joseph, son of Caiaphas" and two more reading "Yehosef bar Qafaya" and "Yehosef bar Qafa".
Professor Meyer said: "As was the custom, the bone box